European CCAM Outlook 2023

The European CCAM Outlook addresses the main drivers and barriers to CCAM adoption in European public transport systems. Based on insights from 13 leading automated transport practitioners, it highlights the milestones that are needed to unlock specific CCAM use cases in terms of feasibility, profitability and service quality.

Setting the path for CCAM deployment

Cooperative, connected and automated mobility (CCAM) is an increasingly viable option for improving the efficiency and accessibility of public transportation systems in Europe. 

But what challenges and barriers remain to mainstreaming CCAV technology across Europe? And how can the technology be made feasible and affordable with a reliable service quality?

The European CCAM Outlook 2023 gives a landscape view on state-of-the-art in automated mobility options in Europe. 

With insights from 13 leading autonomous vehicle practitioners from across the ecosystem, the Outlook breaks down the key barriers for automated transport and details the milestones that must be reached before CCAM is viable across Europe.

Autonomous shuttle deployment in Varberg, Sweden as part of the PAV project (Varberg Kommun)

2023 Contributors

Suzanna Kraak

European Commission

William Riggs

University of San Francisco

Dimitri Konstantas

University of Geneva

Delphine Grandsart

European Passengers Federation

Key Takeaways
  • The limited technological maturity of CCAM is the main barrier to wide adoption. This in turn frustrates regulatory, societal and market conditions, hindering the uptake of CCAM in European public transport systems. 
  • Strict EU regulation on CCAM deployment limits innovation. This is in stark contrast to favourable conditions in countries like the United States. The policy environment prevents market entry by more mature CCAM solution providers such as Cruise and Waymo.
  • The Outlook offers a framework for assessing the use cases for CCAM in public transport based on the milestones needed to “unlock” their business case in terms of profitability, feasibility and service quality.
Read the 2023 Outlook

Read the Report

Lead Author

Supported by

Funded by

Report Authors

Rolf Bastiaanssen

Partner, Future Mobility

Giel Mertens

Lead for CCAM Policy Innovation 

Christian Riester

Lead for Automated Transport

Roeland Koelman

Lead Author

Denise Feldmann

Contributing Author

Nicolas Freitag

Contributing Author


Questions on the Outlook?

Contact the Future Mobility team.

Roeland Koelman

Lead Author